Haiti

SPI: 14.01

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Haiti

Haiti comprises the western third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea of the Atlantic Ocean. Terrain is primarily rugged, and Haiti is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Haiti has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion; and water and sanitation issues due to overpopulation.
9.53%

of land currently protected

639

total land vertebrate species

64

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

West Indian Manatee

51
amphibians / 27 endemic
440
birds / 0 endemic
20
mammals / 0 endemic
128
reptiles / 0 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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