Pakistan

SPI: 37.06

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Pakistan

Pakistan is located in Southern Asia, with a coast along the Arabian Sea. Its inland terrain includes a broad plateau, northern highlands, and the Indus River plateau. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by irrigated agriculture. Pakistan has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include water pollution; air pollution; limited freshwater; deforestation; soil erosion; and desertification.
10.4%

of land currently protected

1669

total land vertebrate species

25

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Markhor

20
amphibians / 1 endemic
1252
birds / 0 endemic
188
mammals / 3 endemic
209
reptiles / 3 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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