Malaysia

SPI: 51.91

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Malaysia

Malaysia borders the Indian Ocean, and forms part of the Malay peninsula on the Gulf of Thailand, as well as the northern third of Borneo, on the South China Sea. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Malaysia has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also highThe rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include air pollution; water pollution; deforestation; forest fires; and coastal reclamation.
12.79%

of land currently protected

2288

total land vertebrate species

208

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Bornean Orangutan

215
amphibians / 56 endemic
1322
birds / 4 endemic
312
mammals / 18 endemic
439
reptiles / 18 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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