Vanuatu

SPI: 3.2

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Vanuatu

Vanuatu is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean, composed of more than 80 islands (65 are inhabited). The terrain is mountainous and volcanic in origin, with several active volcanoes above and below the ocean. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by urban use. Vanuatu has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include population growth; water pollution; poor sanitation; and deforestation.
3.41%

of land currently protected

262

total land vertebrate species

29

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Coconut Crab

0
amphibians / 0 endemic
220
birds / 17 endemic
13
mammals / 2 endemic
29
reptiles / 2 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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