Timor-Leste

SPI: 37.54

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Timor-Leste

Timor-Leste is an island nation in Southeastern Asia, primarily located on the eastern half of the island of Timor at the edge of the Malay Peninsula. The island’s western half is part of Indonesia. Timor-Leste also includes smaller islands, as well as part of Timor’s northwest region. Timor-Leste’s terrain is primarily mountainous. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Timor-Leste has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include air pollution; water quality and scarcity; soil degradation and erosion; and deforestation.
15.96%

of land currently protected

525

total land vertebrate species

1

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Sunda Flying Lemur

8
amphibians / 0 endemic
432
birds / 0 endemic
52
mammals / 1 endemic
33
reptiles / 1 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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