Thailand

SPI: 71.78

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Thailand

Thailand is located in Southeastern Asia, extending from the mainland into the Gulf of Thailand on the Malay Peninsula. Its terrain varies between plains, plateau, coastal islands, and mountains. The Mekong River runs along its north and western borders. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Thailand has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include air pollution; water pollution; water scarcity; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife hunting; and hazardous waste.
18.6%

of land currently protected

2627

total land vertebrate species

81

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Indian Elephant

147
amphibians / 18 endemic
1782
birds / 1 endemic
308
mammals / 2 endemic
390
reptiles / 2 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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