Tanzania

SPI: 68.81

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Tanzania

Tanzania is located on the coast of Eastern Africa, with a border along the Indian Ocean. Coastal plains rise to a central plateau and highlands. Mt. Kilimajaro, the highest peak in Africa, is located in Tanzania, and three of the continent’s largest lakes like along its borders: Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa, and Lake Tanganyika . Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Tanzania has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include water pollution; soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; coral reef destruction; and wildlife hunting.
37.86%

of land currently protected

3011

total land vertebrate species

215

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Ader's Duiker

183
amphibians / 76 endemic
2101
birds / 38 endemic
359
mammals / 22 endemic
368
reptiles / 22 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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