Taiwan

SPI: 39.17

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Taiwan

Taiwan is an island nation in Eastern Asia, with coasts on the South China Sea, East China Sea, Philippine Sea, and Taiwan Strait. Terrain ranges from rugged mountains to rolling plains. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Taiwan has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include air pollution; water pollution; trade in endangered species; and radioactive waste.
19.61%

of land currently protected

1075

total land vertebrate species

97

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Formosan Black Bear

34
amphibians / 16 endemic
839
birds / 46 endemic
86
mammals / 14 endemic
116
reptiles / 14 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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