Sri Lanka

SPI: 37.49

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located in Southern Asia. Its terrain is primarily low plains, and mountains rise in the south. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Sri Lanka has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife poaching; urbanization; coastal degradation from mining and increased pollution; coral reef destruction; water pollution; and air pollution.
29.16%

of land currently protected

1028

total land vertebrate species

270

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Sloth Berar

93
amphibians / 77 endemic
645
birds / 52 endemic
91
mammals / 17 endemic
199
reptiles / 17 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

Related Resources

More Report Cards

63.64
50.26
89.91
Close
Compare ×
Compare National Report Cards Continue Reviewing

Register