Spain

SPI: 80.85

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Spain

Spain composes the majority of the Iberian Peninsula in Southwestern Europe. Its coasts border the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Most of Spain’s terrain is a flat plateau circled by hills, and the Pyrenees Mountains rise in the country’s north. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Spain has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include pollution in the Mediterranean Sea; drought; poor water quality and water insecurity; air pollution; deforestation; and desertification.
28.97%

of land currently protected

926

total land vertebrate species

37

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Black Stork

40
amphibians / 3 endemic
688
birds / 12 endemic
110
mammals / 3 endemic
88
reptiles / 3 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

Related Resources

More Report Cards

50.26
79.8
78.31
Close
Compare ×
Compare National Report Cards Continue Reviewing

Register

[pmpro_signup submit_button="Register" level="1" login="1" redirect="referrer"]