South Africa

SPI: 36.79

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: South Africa

South Africa comprises the southern tip of the African continent, with coasts on both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. These coastal plains rise to a broad interior plateau, and the source of the Limpopo River lies in the northeast. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. South Africa has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include severe water insecurity; water pollution; air pollution; acid rain; deforestation; soil erosion; and desertification.
8.21%

of land currently protected

2227

total land vertebrate species

196

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Cape Vulture

117
amphibians / 47 endemic
1450
birds / 22 endemic
260
mammals / 26 endemic
400
reptiles / 26 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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