Solomon Islands

SPI: 0.74

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Solomon Islands

The Solomon Islands are located in the South Pacific Ocean, with landscapes dominated by rugged mountains and coral atolls, including Rennell Island, which is one of the world’s largest. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Solomon Islands has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion; rising seas and reef damage due to climate change.
1.33%

of land currently protected

611

total land vertebrate species

130

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Leatherback Turtle

19
amphibians / 1 endemic
470
birds / 90 endemic
55
mammals / 19 endemic
67
reptiles / 19 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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