Peru

SPI: 45.18

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Peru

Peru borders the Pacific Ocean on the western coast of South America. Its varied terrain includes the source of the Amazon River and volcanoes in the Andes Mountains. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Peru has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution; coastal and river pollution of rivers and coastal waters; and overfishing.
18.4%

of land currently protected

4906

total land vertebrate species

613

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Andean Cat

492
amphibians / 231 endemic
3481
birds / 211 endemic
462
mammals / 51 endemic
471
reptiles / 51 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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