Papua New Guinea

SPI: 9.42

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea is composed of a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Its coastal plains rise to inland mountains. A significant portion of the country splits the island of New Guinea with Indonesia. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by urban use. Papua New Guinea has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include rainforest loss; soil erosion; poor water quality; large-scale mining; destructive fishing practices; and coastal pollution.
3.64%

of land currently protected

2286

total land vertebrate species

513

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Tree Kangaroo

266
amphibians / 184 endemic
1466
birds / 154 endemic
251
mammals / 71 endemic
303
reptiles / 71 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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