Panama

SPI: 71.11

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Panama

Panama creates a land divide between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and a bridge between North and South America. Its coastal plains rise to steep interior mountains. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Panama has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include water pollution; deforestation; soil erosion; air pollution; and mining activities.
31.09%

of land currently protected

2473

total land vertebrate species

76

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Jaguar

204
amphibians / 28 endemic
1759
birds / 7 endemic
239
mammals / 8 endemic
271
reptiles / 8 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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