Oman

SPI: 19.09

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Oman

Oman is a coastal country on the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. It has a desert and mountainous landscape, and its northern coast borders the Persian Gulf. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Oman has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include freshwater insecurity; water pollution; high soil and water salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; and desertification of arable lands.
3.36%

of land currently protected

544

total land vertebrate species

16

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Arabian Oryx

3
amphibians / 0 endemic
399
birds / 0 endemic
50
mammals / 0 endemic
92
reptiles / 0 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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