Nigeria

SPI: 69.26

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Nigeria

Nigeria is a coastal country in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. The country’s landscapes include lowlands that rise to mountains, tropical rain forests, and the mouth of the Niger River. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Nigeria has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include urbanization; air and water pollution; deforestation; and soil degradation.
13.26%

of land currently protected

2364

total land vertebrate species

22

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Cross River Gorilla

108
amphibians / 1 endemic
1700
birds / 8 endemic
291
mammals / 5 endemic
265
reptiles / 5 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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