Nicaragua

SPI: 66.48

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Nicaragua

Nicaragua is located in Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean on its west coast and the Caribbean Sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the east. Central mountains form the country’s interior, and a volcanic range marks the Pacific Coast. Lago de Nicaragua is Central America’s biggest freshwater lake. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Nicaragua has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion; and water pollution.
21.66%

of land currently protected

1748

total land vertebrate species

12

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Baird's Tapir

73
amphibians / 3 endemic
1308
birds / 0 endemic
187
mammals / 2 endemic
180
reptiles / 2 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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