Nepal

SPI: 54.26

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked country located in Southeast Asia, with terrain that varies from plains at the Ganges River to rugged mountains of the Himalayas. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Nepal has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion; water and air pollution.
23.4%

of land currently protected

1894

total land vertebrate species

19

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Red Panda

49
amphibians / 6 endemic
1472
birds / 0 endemic
206
mammals / 1 endemic
167
reptiles / 1 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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