Mexico

SPI: 30.05

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Mexico

Mexico meets the Pacific Ocean in its west, and the Caribbean Sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the east. Its inland terrain features mountains, plateaus, and desert; as well as the mouths of the Colorado and Rio Grande Rivers. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Mexico has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include hazardous waste disposal; urban development; scarce freshwater resources; water pollution; deforestation; erosion; desertification; and air pollution in urban centers.
10.81%

of land currently protected

3767

total land vertebrate species

1040

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Vaquita

371
amphibians / 246 endemic
2061
birds / 184 endemic
475
mammals / 146 endemic
860
reptiles / 146 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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