Mauritius

SPI: 10.8

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Mauritius

Mauritius is an island group located in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Southeastern Africa. The primary island was created by volcanic activity. Mountains circle a central plateau, and coral reefs ring the coasts. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by urban use. Mauritius has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. Challengs to biodiversity include water pollution; reef degradation; soil erosion; and inadequate solid waste disposal.
4.24%

of land currently protected

157

total land vertebrate species

46

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Mauritius Kestrel

2
amphibians / 0 endemic
132
birds / 35 endemic
6
mammals / 1 endemic
17
reptiles / 1 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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