Madagascar

SPI: 33.69

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Madagascar

Madagascar is an island nation off the southeastern coast of Africa. Its narrow coastal plain rises to central mountains. The islands isolation from the African continent has resulted in many endemic species, with 90% of its flora and fauna found nowhere else. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Madagascar has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include soil erosion and degradation; deforestation; desertification; and surface water pollution.
7.35%

of land currently protected

1302

total land vertebrate species

996

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Fossa

242
amphibians / 240 endemic
465
birds / 198 endemic
197
mammals / 182 endemic
398
reptiles / 182 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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