Lebanon

SPI: 5.61

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Lebanon

Lebanon borders the Mediterranean Sea in the Middle East, located at the confluence of three continents. The Anti-Lebanon Mountains create its border with Syria, descending to the Bekaa Valley and a low, coastal plain. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Lebanon has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion and desertification; air pollution; coastal water pollution; and poor waste-water management.
2.08%

of land currently protected

584

total land vertebrate species

0

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Grey Wolf

8
amphibians / 0 endemic
448
birds / 0 endemic
69
mammals / 0 endemic
59
reptiles / 0 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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