Kazakhstan

SPI: 56.1

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan straddles eastern Europe and central Asia. The Volga and Altai Mountains meet in a flat steppe that also borders plains of western Siberia and deserts in Central Asia. It is one of the world’s largest landlocked countries, and most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Kazakhstan has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include toxic chemical sites (from military activities); industrial pollution; drying of Aral Sea from irrigation diversion; water pollution of the Caspian Sea; desertification; soil pollution and salination.
9.21%

of land currently protected

1083

total land vertebrate species

3

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Kulan

13
amphibians / 0 endemic
827
birds / 0 endemic
175
mammals / 2 endemic
68
reptiles / 2 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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