Japan

SPI: 62.01

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Japan

Japan is an island chain in eastern Asia, with coasts at the North Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Japan has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include air pollution and acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs; depletion of fish and forest resources; and waste management.
22.18%

of land currently protected

910

total land vertebrate species

153

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Japanese Red Crowned Crane

59
amphibians / 46 endemic
668
birds / 23 endemic
106
mammals / 40 endemic
77
reptiles / 40 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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