Jamaica

SPI: 27.31

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Jamaica

Jamaica is a mountainous island nation in the Caribbean Sea of the Atlantic Ocean. Four main islands comprise most of the country, which also contains nearly 7,000 smaller islands. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Jamaica has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; coastal water pollution; damage to coral reefs; air pollution; and land erosion.
16.93%

of land currently protected

572

total land vertebrate species

118

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

American Crocodile

25
amphibians / 21 endemic
481
birds / 62 endemic
23
mammals / 5 endemic
43
reptiles / 5 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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