Indonesia

SPI: 42.56

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Indonesia

Indonesia is a volcanic archipelago, with more than 13,000 islands (900+ inhabited) located at the Equator between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Most islands are lowland terrain, with mountains on some of the larger islands. Indonesia is one of the planet’s most heavily forested regions, second only to the Amazon in South America. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Indonesia has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include large-scale deforestation; overfishing; rapid urbanization; air pollution from vehicle emissions and wildfire; unreliable water and wastewater services; and water pollution.
11.71%

of land currently protected

4858

total land vertebrate species

1453

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Javan Rhino

367
amphibians / 170 endemic
3090
birds / 726 endemic
666
mammals / 252 endemic
735
reptiles / 252 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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