India

SPI: 0.26

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: India

India borders the Indian Ocean at the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, in Southeast Asia. The Himalaya mountains cross India’s north, while deserts cover the west. It is also home to the source of the Ganges River and most of its range. In India, most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. India has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion and desertification; air pollution; water pollution; and population growth.
0.06%

of land currently protected

3546

total land vertebrate species

510

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Bengal Tiger

267
amphibians / 163 endemic
2330
birds / 92 endemic
399
mammals / 42 endemic
550
reptiles / 42 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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