Ecuador

SPI: 40.19

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Ecuador

Ecuador borders the Pacific Ocean in western South America. Its diverse landscapes include Amazon jungle, Andean highlands, and the Galapagos Islands. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Ecuador has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; and water pollution.
21.58%

of land currently protected

4432

total land vertebrate species

383

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Giant Tortoise

481
amphibians / 169 endemic
3125
birds / 71 endemic
352
mammals / 26 endemic
474
reptiles / 26 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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