Cuba

SPI: 38.29

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Cuba

Cuba is an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, composed of rolling plains rising to mountains. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. Cuba has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include soil degradation and desertification; deforestation; and air and water pollution.
18.17%

of land currently protected

838

total land vertebrate species

251

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Blue Headed Quail Dove

62
amphibians / 59 endemic
579
birds / 45 endemic
39
mammals / 16 endemic
158
reptiles / 16 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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