China

SPI: 2.59

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: China

China’s broad territory covers several landscapes, including mountains, high plateaus, deserts; plains, deltas, and hills. The climate ranges from tropical to subarctic. It is the source of the Mekong and Indus Rivers and has a significant coastline along the Pacific Ocean. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. China has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include air pollution and acid rain; water shortages and pollution; coastal destruction; deforestation; soil erosion and desertification; and trade in endangered species.
0.65%

of land currently protected

3916

total land vertebrate species

429

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Golden Snub Nosed Monkey

351
amphibians / 179 endemic
2497
birds / 92 endemic
578
mammals / 70 endemic
490
reptiles / 70 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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