Chile

SPI: 39.01

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Chile

Chile has low coastal mountains where the country meets the South Pacific Ocean. The Andes Mountains run along the country’s east, and a fertile central valley lies between. The Atacama Desert covers Chile’s northern region. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Chile has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include air and water pollution; noise pollution; solid waste; soil degradation; deforestation; and mining.
22.07%

of land currently protected

1181

total land vertebrate species

124

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Andean Deer

58
amphibians / 38 endemic
829
birds / 26 endemic
114
mammals / 14 endemic
180
reptiles / 14 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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