Canada

SPI: 78.06

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Canada

Canada’s coastlines border the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans. The land terrain is mostly plains, with mountains in the west. Canada has more freshwater than any other country, and it is home to more than 2 million lakes. In Canada most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rainfed agriculture. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity in Canada include air pollution and acid rain; ocean pollution due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities.
12.88%

of land currently protected

1206

total land vertebrate species

5

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Chinook Salmon

47
amphibians / 0 endemic
957
birds / 0 endemic
158
mammals / 5 endemic
44
reptiles / 5 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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