The Richness and Rarity of Hummingbirds

Visión general

This series of lessons focuses on the many species of hummingbirds to prompt students to ask questions about species diversity, habitats, interactions, and conservation. The lessons focus on several exceptional online resources, based on authentic research data, that support instructor-guided student-inquiry. Each lesson within this series may be used alone or in any combination. A video collection also offers preparatory guidance to teachers on using the different interactive tools.

20 - 50 mins.

Six lessons, ranging from 20-50 minutes each.


Middle School Life Science, High School Biology, AP Biology, Environmental Science, AP Environmental Science, College Environmental Science, Natural Resources, Ecology, Conservation Biology, Environmental Studies


Mapas impresos en papel

Archivos de mapas digitales

Mapa de media tierra en línea

The Richness and Rarity of Hummingbirds

Objetivos de aprendizaje

  • Build student skills in data analysis and mapping tools to prompt scientific inquiry into important questions concerning species interactions, and why different species live where they do
  • Students are also led to question issues of data completeness and evenness
  • Interactive tools encourage students to explore local and global patterns of hummingbird biodiversity particularly related to species range, richness, and rarity

Condiciones generales

  • Threatened and Endangered Species
  • Patrones de biodiversidad
  • Cartografía
  • Data Visualization
  • Species Range
  • Species Rarity and Richness
  • Indicador de biodiversidad
  • Investigación guiada
  • Compromiso de los estudiantes con datos de investigación auténticos

Consejos para instructores

Spark inquiry by asking students to identify the range or richness of hummingbirds on the Half-Earth Map. This can prompt discussions about why hummingbirds appear in one area but not another, for example. Alternatively, students can zoom in on a particular section of the map and apply data layers to explore human impacts on hummingbird distribution.

Data visualization and animation from resources like eBird can demonstrate the power of citizen science and real-time, interactive data tools.

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