Eritrea

SPI: 18.16

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Eritrea

Eritrea borders the Red Sea in northern Africa. Its coast is a desert plain, and inner terrain rises to highlands. Most of the country is used for human activities, in its majority by rangeland. Eritrea has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of mammals and reptiles is also high. The rarity of marine fish and mammals is also high. Challenges to biodiversity include deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; and overgrazing.
4.82%

of land currently protected

1289

total land vertebrate species

2

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Wild African Ass

19
amphibians / 0 endemic
1064
birds / 0 endemic
101
mammals / 0 endemic
105
reptiles / 0 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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